Located in the Segura valley, the white town is located in a privileged natural environment, surrounded by mountains and sheltered by the river Segura.
There is no news that there was population until the arrival of the Arabs but there is no doubt that the Ricote Valley has been inhabited previously, it gives certainty the presence of archaeological remains and the abundant Christian documentation that talks about the fluvial route of the Safe. In one of the banks of the Segura sprout other sources and there are remains of works to irrigate the fields of Ojós and other towns in the Valley. One of these is Blanca (in English it means “white”, but formerly it was called Black), named after the order of Uclés.
There are several theories of why Blanca was called Negra. The first of the theories is based on the existence of an emanation of water called the Black Fountain, because when the Arabs took the Valley to themselves in those turbulent waters, many lost their lives, to identify them as the Black Fountain. name to the small colony of mudéjares peasants, until arrived the santiaguistas renamed the town.
Another one of the theories, the one that more is admitted is the location on the ROCA NEGRA (Black Rock) of our population, rock of unique volcanic origin in the region. Another is the one that comes from Nieg (the river) and its derivations became Black. It was not until 1304 under the mandate of the Order of Santiago that Negra changed to being called Blanca. The chronicler Govert, has a hypothesis about the change of name, based on several historical arguments. One of them is linked to the close relationship that Don Fabrique, Master of the Order of Santiago, had with his sister-in-law Queen Blanca de Borbón, who died in circumstances not very clear. Another reason was the epidemic of black plague that ravaged Spain at that time, due to the great terror that was, the name of Black was not the most attractive precisely for the people. Allthis led to Negra beingcalled Blanca.